The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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  • Endocrine Care

    Benedek T, Bucur O, Pascanu I, Benedek I

    Analysis of Coronary Plaque Morphology by 64-Multislice Computed Tomography Coronary Angiography and Calcium Scoring in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2011 7(1): 59-68 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2011.59

    Background. Early detection of coronary plaques in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) could play a major role in improving the evolution of these patients, targeting a therapeutic intervention in early stages when the chances to reduce the progression of the disease are higher. Aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of coronary lesions and analyze the plaque morphology in patients with type 2 DM using multislice 64 computed tomography coronary angiography (MSCT), and to assess the cardiovascular risk expressed by calcium scoring (CS) in these patients. Methods. The study included 37 patients with type 2 DM. Mean age was 67.38 years (±19.62). In all cases MSCT was performed, CS was calculated and morphology of coronary plaques was analysed. Results. Coronary artery disease was present in 86.48% cases. CS was <100 in 6 patients (16.2%), between 100 and 400 in 7 patients (18.9%) and >400 in 24 cases (64.8%). Coronary plaques were classified as non-calcified in 142 segments, mixed in 78 segments and calcified in 114 segments. In 40.12% of lesions the plaques were nonobstructive, in 44.91% obstructive, and in 14.91% severely obstructive. Conclusions. In patients with type II DM there is a high incidence of coronary lesions and vascular calcification, which could represent an indicator of the severity of coronary artery disease even in asymptomatic diabetic patients. CS calculated with MSCT is increased in these patients, representing a marker of high cardiovascular risk.
  • Endocrine Care

    Pascanu I, Banescu C, Benedek T, Duicu C, Csep K, Dema A

    Thyroid dysfuntion in children with Down&#8217;s syndrome

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2009 5(1): 85-92 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2009.85

    Background. Patients with Down&#8217;s syndrome have an increased prevalence of\r\nautoimmune thyroid diseases.\r\nAim. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in\r\nchildren with Down&#8217;s syndrome (DS) and to find the best screening and management strategy\r\nin this group of patients.\r\nMethods. A total of 63 DS patients aged between 5 days and 18 years from our University\r\nHospital, were recruited. In all patients, serum free T4, and TSH were measured, the presence\r\nof congenital anomalies and specific clinical findings were assessed. Karyotype was performed\r\nin each case.\r\nResults. Sixty patients showed total 21 trisomy. Mosaicism was present in other 2 cases\r\n(3.17%) and only one girl had 47,XXder(14;21)(q10;q10)+21.\r\nHigh TSH level was seen in 24 out of 63 cases (38 %) of which 1 (1.5%) had congenital\r\nmixedema while the other 23 had a high TSH level. According to TSH levels, these 23 patients\r\nwere divided into two groups: the first group with TSH between 6-10 microUI/mL (17 patients-\r\n27%), and the second with TSH>11 microUI/mL (6 patients - 9.5%). Thyroid ultrasound was\r\nalso performed and antibodies to thyroid peroxidase, anti-TPO, were measured, when TSH\r\nlevel was high. In all cases thyroid ultrasound showed a normal located thyroid gland. In the\r\ngroup of patients with TSH level above 11 microUI/mL, two had congenital heart disease, but\r\nnone of them had gastrointestinal disease.\r\nHyperthyroidism was not observed in any of the cases.\r\nConclusions. Children with DS have high prevalence of thyroid dysfunction and\r\nbiochemical screening of this is essential. Subtle thyroid abnormalities were the most common\r\nfinding in DS.